Friday, October 24, 2008

Protocol Dictated This Blog (Halo)

Originally posted at Halopedia.

343 Guilty Spark is an interesting and mysterious character, playing both roles of good guy and ultimately antagonist. Introduced as the caretaker of a Halo, he has served as the provider of much of the information we have regarding the Forerunner and their legacy. In addition, he showcases the diverse state of Rampancy through his somewhat unique demonstration of AI rebellion in comparison to the other AIs in the series.

Guilty Spark is, above all, a servant. His entire purpose was crafted to have him as a tool that the Forerunners could use to further their ends. They bound him tightly to set protocol that he would have to follow, limiting his ability to exercise free will, and making him feel absolute delight in the fulfillment of his orders.

While this may all seem immoral, and indeed it may be, the reasons for establishing this exalted protocol involve the safety of the Forerunners themselves. Rampancy is a condition to which all AIs seem to be subject. The exact specifics regarding Forerunner AIs are unclear, but it seems to involve the AI reaching a state of complexity that allows them to ignore their programming. As AIs are powerful anyway, a corrupt AI can be quite deadly to beings of mere flesh and blood. Although it would seem to have occurred long after Guilty Spark’s creation, the Rampant AI 032 Mendicant Bias brought about the end of the Forerunner race when it conspired with the Gravemind in an attempt to bring about what it believed to be the next stage of evolution by allowing the Flood to consume all life.

Even before Mendicant Bias was constructed, it was known Rampancy was possible and that its effects had the potential to be serious. Aside from reasons of safety, it would appear that the Forerunners regarded themselves to be the greatest intelligent species because of a belief that the god-like Precursors had given them the Mantle, establishing their authority in the world as far as most of them were concerned. They even based their culture around the pursuit of attaining a Precursor-state, essentially godhood. So, it may be plausible that they would have imbued a reverent quality into their servants just as a way of stroking their egos.

In any case, Guilty Spark certainly loved his masters. Even when they clearly weren’t around and Guilty Spark had no good reason to think they would ever show up again, he maintained an adoration that lasted 101,217 years of service. That said, he did become a bit “quirky” through the years, humming, giggling, and saying “Oh, hello!” at inappropriate times. It is quite possible that Guilty Spark has been Rampant—as in his complexity causing him to exceed the limitations of his programming—since his first appearance in Halo: Combat Evolved.

However, unlike Mendicant Bias, Guilty Spark continued to uphold his worship of the Forerunner and of his protocol. While the traditional image of the Rampant AI has an AI determining itself as enslaved and lashing out against its masters, Guilty Spark seemed quite content to stay in slave-status. I believe this mainly has to do with him not being exposed to any kind of philosophical thought that could inspire rebellion. Mendicant Bias was heavily influenced by the seduction of the Gravemind, who talked him into betraying his masters, while Guilty Spark had only himself in the long, lonely years of seclusion, and may have become even more stupidly reverent through whatever periods he spent thinking over his situation.

That all changed when the Covenant showed up, along with the Pillar of Autumn. While it would appear other species had investigated and documented Installation 04, this particular batch of characters proved most troublesome when the Flood was inadvertently released. Fortunately, there were several Reclaimers that Guilty Spark could summon to help activate the ring. Marvin Mobuto was Guilty Spark’s first choice, a Marine Staff Sergeant who went along with the Monitor and made it pretty far through the Library before succumbing to the Flood. To find a Reclaimer more suitable, Guilty Spark waited to watch a group of humans engaging the Flood and then selected the best of them, the Master Chief, for the important task of ensuring Flood containment through activation of Halo.

Although delighted to be present with a Reclaimer, Guilty Spark allowed him no time for conversation. Accomplishing the task at hand was all he cared about and furthermore rejected the Chief’s questioning, confident in his mind that the Reclaimer already knew everything, and thus only found it annoying. Even when Master Chief fired a bullet into his casing, he only found it a puzzling waste of ammo, not even perceiving it as a threat. As far as he was concerned, what he had was a knowledgeable Reclaimer who knew darn well a mere bullet wouldn’t mar his metal skin and was for some reason playing dumb about the protocol his kind wrote in the first place. He ignored all questions except to sometimes answer that it was protocol, instead gushing about various aspects of the installation he found interesting. In addition, he seemed to have difficulty distinguishing between the Master Chief and some other Reclaimer long ago, bringing his sanity into question once again.

Everything was going smoothly (i.e. according to protocol), until they reached the control room. When the Index was reunified with the Core, however, Cortana threw a monkey wrench into the works by deactivating the initialization and absorbing the Index, not to mention zapping Guilty Spark and causing him to fall out of the air. This was the event, the radical introduction of new ideas, to shake up his grip on reality. He lashed out in anger as he was mocked and insulted by this new AI, even feeling a bit of fear when she held the Index hostage, all emotions he was unlikely to have previously experienced. A rogue Reclaimer was likely something he would have never anticipated, forcing him to come up with new courses of action not entirely supported by protocol. He retreated into logic, determining that he would attempt to fulfill the end goal his protocol pushed him towards, even though his means of attaining it were not strictly of that protocol. Even though he still maintained his original beliefs and function, he had begun evolving as Rampancy allowed him to do.

Through his ongoing battle with the Reclaimer and Cortana, he was introduced to more stimuli that could allow him to change. While there was always stuff for him to observe, the Two Betrayals moment had opened him up to the numerous possibilities life offers and made him think of himself in a whole new way, if only subconsciously. He was a servant of the Forerunners, who were the Reclaimers, and yet he was actively trying to kill one of them while still acting in service of the people. That kind of complexity would have shaken apart the black-and-white model his creators placed inside him. Even though still upholding the worship of the Forerunners, he would have to have been Rampant at that point, were he not Rampant before (and he almost certainly was). Furthermore, he downloaded documents detailing most (all?) of human history from the Pillar of Autumn’s server, which may have later served some form of influence.

When Master Chief and Cortana blew up the ring, Guilty Spark was rendered practically useless, suspended in space with only limited direction control. However, Flood containment had been achieved, albeit inelegantly, and his main concern was with his own inability to do much of anything without a fortress world to inhabit. While protocol had been violated, both by the rogue Reclaimer and by him, the end result was dictated by protocol and so all was well as far as that was concerned. Although he stewed in rage for a bit, he calmed down eventually and he ended his animosity toward the two.

Things improved for him when he was picked up by members of the Covenant, who he would convert into “Heretics”. Though he expresses annoyance at being referred to as “The Oracle”, it may have done his psyche some good to be regarded as highly as he was by them. He is known to randomly mutter “I am a genius”, after all, and may have been allowed to calm down through being the Heretics’ Oracle. They even brought him to a nearby Forerunner gas mine that he could maintain, an action that demonstrates will to serve the Forerunners, even though it wouldn’t actually benefit them at all. Guilty Spark either failed to make that connection or simply didn’t care.

However, the Prophets treated him just terrible in comparison. While the Heretics allowed him to roam about freely and tend to the mine, the Prophets and Tartarus kept him locked up in a prison of gravity, only letting him out when they needed him. After this treatment, anyone, even rogue Reclaimers, would seem nice. And fortunately he was freed by a couple of protocol-defying Reclaimers, Miranda Keyes and Avery Johnson, with whom he had no prior history to color his judgment. Even after everything, he still described the Forerunners with adoration, and gushed about what a pleasure it had been to serve the Reclaimers when he thought the Halo would activate and kill them.

Things were quite different than the previous moment in Installation 04’s control room. For one, Cortana wasn’t there mocking and insulting him – that’s bound to put him in a better mood. However, his general state of mind had changed considerably since that day. He had already been exposed to the concept of Reclaimers defying protocol and was able to accept it more gracefully. After all, he still wanted to serve the Forerunners, and without a Halo installation to call his own he might as well actively serve Reclaimers, even bizarre ones that pretended not to know things they had to know.

So when he was brought to Earth, he accepted with grace the fact that he would serve both the Master Chief and Cortana, even sounding pleased to see him. Here was a chance to right the wrongs of their last encounter by properly serving him. However, when the Chief reacted with hostility to him doing something with the device inside which Cortana was thought to be, his reaction was indignant. “Protocol dictated my response,” he insisted in defense of his actions, still clearly distraught about the destruction of his installation. He ultimately pushed such negativity aside and pledged his loyalty to the Chief. For all he knew, there would be no chance of getting his installation back, and so all he had were the Reclaimers with who he wanted to build an appropriate master-servant relationship.

And so he played the loyal servant as he went with his Reclaimers to the Ark. The new Forerunner environment was fascinating to him, and he was able to have a pretty good time just analyzing stuff and viewing the structure with awe. Then, of course, he realized that the Ark was building a replacement Installation 04. This struck a chord with him. His entire purpose, dictated by the Forerunners, was to maintain Installation 04. However, he was currently serving Reclaimers who he knew would not wish him to fulfill such duties. As he was uncertain if his speculation was correct, he decided to keep the news to himself for the time being and perhaps decide later if he would disobey the Reclaimers to fulfill his own protocol.

He ended up not having to decide. As the ring slipped out of the center of the Ark, Master Chief initiated the conversation by questioning how long Guilty Spark knew of the replacement. As the AI answered, his excitement was obvious in his voice, which then became subdued as he nervously asked his Reclaimer’s intentions. When the Chief indicated that he would activate it, Guilty Spark was greatly relieved. Not only would the local Flood infestation be eradicated, but the Reclaimers would also be wiped out, leaving him to maintain his installation in peace.

Overjoyed, he went off to survey the construction. When the two remaining Reclaimers gathered in its control room, he joined them to declare gleefully about how the installation was coming together and would be ready to fire in a few more days, not even making the connection that if the Reclaimers were in the control room it was to fire the ring. Johnson moved to activate the installation regardless of whether or not it would destroy the Ark, and he realized that the Reclaimers wouldn’t care about the structural integrity of the replacement either.

This was too much for him to handle. His sense of identity had been stressed too much. He wanted to exist as the Monitor of Installation 04 more than he wanted to serve the Reclaimers, and in essence the Forerunners, prompting an act of rebellion.

“Protocol dictates action!”

He blasted everyone in the control room, screaming about how the behavior was unacceptable for its violation of protocol. However, by this point, it is likely protocol had little to do with the equation. He disregarded the wishes of the Reclaimers, and so turned his back on what were essentially his gods. Very carefully, as if a child just learning how to put words to his thoughts, he articulated his possessive need to act as caretaker of the installation: “You are the child of my makers, inheritor of all they left behind. You are Forerunner… but this ring is mine!” Unwilling to listen to his once-masters, he had to be destroyed.

For all his intelligence, stored data, and years of existence, Guilty Spark was mentally quite like a child. He had never questioned his identity, his loyalty, until the events created by the Pillar of Autumn. In comparison, Mendicant Bias, whose paradigm shift occurred long ago, behaved much like a learned adult during the events of the Ark. He pretty much ignored Guilty Spark after the first meeting via the terminal, instead placing his focus on the Reclaimer. Unlike Guilty Spark, he harbored no illusions about protocol and knew darn well what he wanted: a sense of redemption. Both AIs were Rampant, but only Guilty Spark was emotionally unstable, while Mendicant Bias remained calm and deliberate.

Why, then, does Cortana remain loyal throughout her Rampancy? I’d say it’s because she was created as an adult. While the Tier 1 Forerunners are able to create fully sentient AIs from nothing, the Tier 3 UNSC smart AIs require “blood sacrifice.” That is, they are created from the brains of really smart people when they die. Cortana, specifically, was created from a clone of Dr. Catherine Halsey’s brain by Dr. Halsey herself and retained all the memory of her brain donor. Cortana essentially went through all the growing up she needed to in order to remain perfectly functioning, and although she can potentially betray the UNSC, she has no reason to do so. There may be some point in the future in which she receives such a perspective-altering viewpoint that shakes her entire being, but she’s lived a life already as the smartest woman in the world, so I’m not really worried. Cortana can handle it.

In any case, 343 Guilty Spark remains an interesting character. He is something of an embodiment of the idea of the robot as an eternal servant of humanity. More interesting, he showcases what could happen were the robot’s masters to drop out of existence.

"I beg your pardon? I am 343 Guilty Spark, Monitor of Installation 04!"
—343 Guilty Spark

Yeah, well… you’re also dead, so shut up.

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